born in Holland, seventh child middle-class family
born in Dutch East India, single child wealthy family; moves to Holland in 1894
|1909||Fokker moves to Germany|
|1911||Fokker builds de Spin|
|1912||first Fokker factory, Germany|
|Start cooperation with constructor Reinhold Platz|
|1913||German army order for Fokker|
|1914||WWII - Fokker becomes millionaire overnight|
|A transportable aircraft M8, M5.|
Fokker becomes a German national (but denies this later.) Designs a sync system for machine-gun to fire through revolving propeller. Fokker makes a few front flights in German uniform.
|1917||Wooden wing construction|
Swede Villehad Forsmann
Junkers-Fokker Werke AG Metalflugzeugbau [metal aircraft building]
adapts Junkers wing construction with Franz Möser.
Fokker F-I, later DR-I
most famous WWI fighter
|All German war material has to be turned over, with specific mention of D-VII. Flyers hide them, Fokker hides his factory inventory and stock to smuggle to Holland with six transports of 60-car trains; his money goes in style by his own private yacht.|
Gets back Dutch passport.
|1920 ||Fokker opens Amsterdam factory|
Plesman starts KLM,
Royal Dutch Airlines for Holland and Colonies
Designer Bob Noorduyn becomes general manager Fokker USA
|1921||Fokker sells first F-II to KLM, four-passenger cabin|
and breaks contract by building them in Germany
|1922||KLM gets 4-year subsidy;|
Fokker exports 200 aircraft at ƒ5M.
|1924||First East-India flight, Fokker F-VII|
Fokker most important sponsor with ƒ15K.
After a quarrel on the design competition for a tri-motor Plesman calls Fokker
Not totally responsible for his remarks
|1925||Fokker builds F-VIIa tri-motor|
KLM starts explosive growth
Walter Rethel heads design team; Bertus Grasé becomes head Fokker research department and test pilot.
Fokker has 3 Wright Whirlwind engines shipped to Amsterdam; according to factory director Bruno Stephan
last time Fokker gave direct instructions on aircraft development.
|1926||Fokker moves to the USA and becomes an American citizen.|
|1929||Wall Street Crash|
Fokker America goes to General Motors
Amsterdam produces only 67 aircraft
KLM continues growing, an international exception.
Bob Noorduyn leaves Fokker for Bellanca Aircraft, later develops Noorduyn Norseman
|1930||First KLM strike; Fokker F-IX|
|1931||Fokker F32, 30 passengers|
F-XVIII, last model based on F-VII.
Another Fokker record: Development costs ƒ794.06, less than $500.
|1932||Fokker fires Platz|
first US commercial transport (10 passengers)
|1933||Fokker F-36 32 passengers 4 engines|
KLM orders Douglas DC-2
Price DC-2 $76K — F-36 ƒ120K (~$73K)
|1934||KLM wins Melbourne race with DC-2 Uiver; Holland has a bad case of DC-2 hysteria|
In fact, KLM lost the race but you'll never hear that from a Dutch citizen. Well, except right now, there's that. More on that here.
Fokker buys Douglas European licensing rights from DC-1 up, as well as for Lockheed products.
A national commission investigating aircraft industry finds Fokker is totally incompetent as a manager. Personnel revives as soon as he's not there. 'Nobody is satisfied with him. There is no order in the factory.' Still they mention 'his very meritorious qualities as a constructor and businessman'.
Fokker is against Melbourne or any other race; it "just serves to drum up publicity for a candy king." "No airline ever bought an airplane because it won a race."
|1934 — Uiver crashes; 1935 — 2 KLM F-XXIIs crash; 2 KLM DC-2s crash in three days' time. There are no survivors. Fokker blames KLM's rigid sticking to time-tables.
|1935||KLM first trans-Atlantic mail, start American operations with Fokker F-XVIII Snip|
|1936||Fokker designs F-56.
His last classic design (56 passengers on upper and lower decks; four-engines, span 38.5m, long 25.8m) to compete with DC-4. Announces a still larger design with pressure cabin. KLM not interested.
|1939||KLM orders Douglas DC-5 and F-24|
first all-metal Fokker plane; Anthony Fokker dies in Manhattan
|1940-1945 ||KLM flies Bristol-Lisboa and West-India.|
Fokker factories work for German war industry
|1946||KLM orders Convair Liner, not F-24|
|1958||Fokker F-27 Friendship based on F-24|
KLM buys three
|1986||KLM buys ten Fokker F100 with options on five more|
to phase out Douglas MD-80s.
|~1995||Fokker goes bankrupt|
|2004||KLM taken over by Air France|