Curassow

Fokker-Plesman
Fokker-KLM
Time-Line

sources listed below.





1889Albert Plesman
born in Holland, seventh child middle-class family
1890Anthony Fokker
born in Dutch East India, single child wealthy family; moves to Holland in 1894
1909Fokker moves to Germany
1911Fokker builds de SpinFokker Spin
1912first Fokker factory, Germany
Start cooperation with constructor Reinhold Platz
welding specialist
1913German army order for Fokker
1914WWII - Fokker becomes millionaire overnight
A transportable aircraft M8, M5.
Fokker becomes a German national (but denies this later.) Designs a sync system for machine-gun to fire through revolving propeller. Fokker makes a few front flights in German uniform.
D-I, D-IV
1917Wooden wing construction
Swede Villehad Forsmann
Junkers-Fokker Werke AG Metalflugzeugbau [metal aircraft building]
Fokker adapts Junkers wing construction with Franz Mser.
Fokker F-I, later DR-I
1918D-VII
most famous WWI fighter
Fokker D-VII
1919Germany capitulates
All German war material has to be turned over, with specific mention of D-VII. Flyers hide them, Fokker hides his factory inventory and stock to smuggle to Holland with six transports of 60-car trains; his money goes in style by his own private yacht.
Gets back Dutch passport.
1920    Fokker opens Amsterdam factory
Nederlandsche Vliegtuigenfabriek
Plesman starts KLM,
Royal Dutch Airlines for Holland and Colonies
Designer Bob Noorduyn becomes general manager Fokker USA
1921Fokker sells first F-II to KLM, four-passenger cabin
and breaks contract by building them in Germany
Fokker FII
1922KLM gets 4-year subsidy;
Fokker exports 200 aircraft at 5M.
1924First East-India flight, Fokker F-VII
Fokker most important sponsor with 15K.
After a quarrel on the design competition for a tri-motor Plesman calls Fokker Not totally responsible for his remarks

Wij Vlogen Naar Indi
1925Fokker builds F-VIIa tri-motor
KLM starts explosive growth
Walter Rethel heads design team; Bertus Grasé becomes head Fokker research department and test pilot.
Fokker has 3 Wright Whirlwind engines shipped to Amsterdam; according to factory director Bruno Stephan last time Fokker gave direct instructions on aircraft development.
1926Fokker moves to the USA and becomes an American citizen.
1929Wall Street Crash
Fokker America goes to General Motors
Amsterdam produces only 67 aircraft
KLM continues growing, an international exception.
Bob Noorduyn leaves Fokker for Bellanca Aircraft, later develops Noorduyn Norseman
Fokker FVIIb tri-motor
1930First KLM strike; Fokker F-IX
1931Fokker F32, 30 passengers
F-XVIII, last model based on F-VII.
Another Fokker record: Development costs 794.06, less than $500.
Fokker FXVIII Snip<

1932Fokker fires Platz
1933Boeing 247
first US commercial transport (10 passengers)
1933Fokker F-36 32 passengers 4 engines
KLM orders Douglas DC-2
Price DC-2 $76K F-36 120K (~$73K)
Fokker F-36 Arend

1934KLM wins Melbourne race with DC-2 Uiver; Holland has a bad case of DC-2 hysteria
In fact, KLM lost the race but you'll never hear that from a Dutch citizen. Well, except right now, there's that. More on that here.
Fokker buys Douglas European licensing rights from DC-1 up, as well as for Lockheed products.
A national commission investigating aircraft industry finds Fokker is totally incompetent as a manager. Personnel revives as soon as he's not there. 'Nobody is satisfied with him. There is no order in the factory.' Still they mention 'his very meritorious qualities as a constructor and businessman'.
Fokker is against Melbourne or any other race; it "just serves to drum up publicity for a candy king." "No airline ever bought an airplane because it won a race."
Fokker & Douglas

1934 Uiver crashes; 1935 2 KLM F-XXIIs crash; 2 KLM DC-2s crash in three days' time. There are no survivors. Fokker blames KLM's rigid sticking to time-tables.
1935KLM first trans-Atlantic mail, start American operations with Fokker F-XVIII SnipFokker FXVIII Snip

1936Fokker designs F-56.
His last classic design (56 passengers on upper and lower decks; four-engines, span 38.5m, long 25.8m) to compete with DC-4. Announces a still larger design with pressure cabin. KLM not interested.
1939KLM orders Douglas DC-5 and F-24
first all-metal Fokker plane; Anthony Fokker dies in Manhattan
Fokker F24

1940-1945    KLM flies Bristol-Lisboa and West-India.
Fokker factories work for German war industry
1946KLM orders Convair Liner, not F-24Fokker F24

1958Fokker F-27 Friendship based on F-24
KLM buys three
1953Plesman dies
1986KLM buys ten Fokker F100 with options on five more
to phase out Douglas MD-80s.
Swissair Fokker F100
~1995Fokker goes bankrupt
2004KLM taken over by Air France



Sources


De Vliegende Hollander
A.H.G. Fokker & Bruce Gould 1931, Uitg. Van Holkema en Warendorf

Vergeten Legende, Frits Koolhoven 1886-1946
Sytze van der Zee, NL 2001 - ISBN 9023470575

Dwarswind, Een biografie van Anthony Fokker
Marc Dierikx, NL 1997 - ISBN 9012084326

Fokker Verkeersvliegtuigen
René de Leeuw, NL 1989 - ISBN 9026940742

Vliegen naar de Oost, de geschiedenis van de luchtlijn Nederland-Java 1924-1935
Henk Rol, NL 1980 - ISBN 9022840085

Mijn Vader Albert Plesman
Albert Plesman, NL 1980 - ISBN 9023653742 br>
De legendarische vlucht van de Uiver, London-Melbourne oktober 1934
Wim Kroese, NL 1983 - ISBN 9061221307



Index

Tony Fokker
Albert Plesman
Melbourne Race
F-36 Arend
Sources
Time-Line
Wood or Metal?
The Great Races




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